DARK WEB: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW
Dear readers of Tecnogalaxy, today we will talk about the Dark Web, we will go to see in detail what it is, what can be found and how to access it.
The Dark Web, or even Darknet, is a generic term for a set of websites present on an encrypted network with hidden IP addresses, conditions that offer users a strong protection of anonymity.
WHAT IS THE DARK WEB SPECIFICALLY?
The Dark Web is the dark side of the Internet, think that it constitutes 90% of the entire Internet network and is the home of hackers and cybersecurity .
The Dark Web is a direct component of the Deep Web, where the widest range of content that does not appear through normal Internet browsing activity (let’s call it daily) is described, because it requires specific browsers such as Tor to access it.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DEEP WEB AND DARK WEB
The transparent web part is the part known and accessible to all, indexable and searchable by major search engines, traditional e-commerce sites or blogs, or traditional forums etc …
The Deep Web, on the other hand, is made up of all the Internet pages that search engines cannot index. Obviously, this is not always illegal, since in the Deep we can easily find databases, medical records, legal documents, scientific reports, account statements etc …
In fact, in the Deep Web we can find all the sites not reachable by traditional search engines, instead to browse the Dark Web we have to download the appropriate browsers.
Understanding the difference between Deep Web and Dark Web is important, let’s take for example a person who needs to remove negative content from the web: (de-indexed links, not deleted or modified, are moved to the deep web, this means they are not physically deleted , but they are simply no longer present on Google but are only accessible by those who know the exact url.
HOW DO WE ACCESS THE DARK WEB?
To access the Dark Web you need to use Tor , an anonymous network that is capable of masking the real IP address from which we connect. To use the Tor network we need to install the browser, which you can download for free from the official website , then just follow the instructions.
Instead, as regards access to particular domains, for example the .Onion (onion), you need to be able to be invited by someone.
The .onion domains are the ones that make up the Onion network, these domains obviously have very short transaction times and for now they are not controllable or supervisable.
Using Onion allows you not to let people know who you are communicating with, and not to surf in a totally anonymous mode.
To avoid being 100% tracked, you could use a public WiFi hotspot or the network of an Internet Point for example, which obviously does not require the issue of any identity document, otherwise you understand.
Accessing the Dark Web and browsing is not illegal, only most of the activities that take place there are.
Browsing and page loading is slower than normal browsing, because this connection protocol bounces our data from one server to another before reaching its destination so as to be less traceable.
In addition to using Tor, it is better to use a VPN first, for safety to cover the camera of your computer, and disable the microphone, never, ever communicate your personal data.
WHAT DO YOU FIND?
Everything is found, sold, bought, especially non-legal services / goods, such as drugs, money, weapons…
In the Dark Web, of course, we don’t just find a large black market. The dark web is also used as an ethical exchange, think of political confrontations within countries with dictatorial regimes…. Libraries are organized to exchange books prohibited by the regime.
Being obviously so powerful, it is also used by mafia criminal organizations or terrorist organizations.
PAYMENT METHODS AND SCAMS
In this world, scams are obviously, as you can imagine, on the agenda. Thousands of cybercriminals are ready to collect money and then disappear.
The method of payment does not take place via credit cards or bank accounts. On the Dark Web the virtual currency Bitcoin, LiteCoin, Ethereum are used which do not track any type of movement.
WHICH SEARCH ENGINES TO USE?
The best .onion sites you can use are:
- The Hidden Wiki: Helps find interesting pages and tools;
- DuckDuckGo: is a search engine that collects .onion sites;
- ProtonMail: an e-mail service that guarantees you total anonymity;
- Sci-Hub: is a database for free access to millions of scientific articles and essays;
- ProPublica: is a platform containing articles from a wide range of topics, politics, finance and the environment;
- Secure Drop: an untracked platform; It is used by whistleblowers and activists, who can send information to the media;
- Torch Search Engine: is the oldest search engine for the Tor network, has access to the largest database of .onion sites available;
As always, make good use of it by testing your device / computer, doing them on devices / computers not yours is illegal.
To the next article.
NB: I take no responsibility for the use you will make of the guide, as it is drawn up for didactic and training use.
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